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The 1s, 2s, and 3s of Ankle Sprain Severity

When one or more ligaments in the ankle are overstretched or torn, an ankle sprain occurs. Ankle sprains can range from mild to severe. Podiatrists use a system of grading, or classification, to describe the severity of the sprain. A Grade 1 sprain is mild and characterized by mild pain, swelling, joint instability and stiffness, and difficulty jogging or jumping. A Grade 2 sprain is moderate and involves moderate pain, significant swelling, bruising, some loss of motion in the ankle, and trouble walking. A Grade 3 sprain, the most severe, is associated with severe pain, swelling, instability, loss of motion, and extreme difficulty walking. If you suspect that you may have sprained your ankle, please seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Edwin Oghoorian, DPM from Pacific Foot & Ankle Associates . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Pain at the sight of the tear
  • Bruising/Swelling
  • Ankle area is tender to touch
  • In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in San Dimas, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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